Some Palestinians are claiming that they have the historical right to live in the land of Israel. They were the first, so they have the right to be here. The Israeli (or the Jews) claim the same. So, let’s take wikipedia and put it in context.
Here is a small list of historical periods, where Israeli- and Palestinians are being mentioned in the Middle East.
- Palestinians are coming from the Philistines, who came from Caphtor (Cilicia, Cyprus or Crete). They are here in the region of Israel from 1100 BCE.
- The Israelite’s are coming from Ur (birthplace of the Hebrew patriarch Abram (Abraham; Aramaic: Oraham, Arabic: Ibrahim) and today in Iraq). The Israeli are first mentioned as a people in 1209 BCE by the Ancient Egyptians.
The map is at the bottom of this page. That map tells more then any words mentioned here on this page.
The row with yellow background refers to the references of the Palestinians.
|1209 BCE||Ancient Egyptian king Merneptah|
|1100-722 BCE||Philistines: who settled in Palestine. According to biblical tradition (Deuteronomy 2:23; Jeremiah 47:4), the Philistines came from Crete (Caphtor). They occupied the coastal plain of Palestine from Joppa (modern Jaffa) southward to the Gaza Strip. The area contained the five cities of the Philistine confederacy (Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Gath, and Ekron) and was known as Philistia.|
|586–538 BCE||Exiled the Jews to Babylon|
|538–160 BCE||Persian and Hellenistic rule: Judeans, led by Zerubabel, returned to Judah and rebuilt the temple.|
|160–37 BCE||Hasmonean dynasty: The Hasmonean dynasty of (Jewish) priest-kings ruled Judea with the Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes as the principal Jewish social movements.|
|37 BCE–6 CE||Herodian kingdom: Jewish-Roman client kings, descended from Antipater, ruled Judea. Herod the Great considerably enlarged the temple (see Herod’s Temple), making it one of the largest religious structures in the world.|
|6-390||Judea (Roman province) and Syria Palaestina: Judea was made a Roman province in 6 CE, following the transition of Judean tetrarchy into a Roman realm.|
|390–611||Byzantine rule: The Roman Empire split in 390 CE and the region became part of the (Christian) East Roman Empire, known as the Byzantine Empire.|
|636-1517||History of Jerusalem (Middle Ages).|
|636-1291||Arab rule: Jund Filastin and Jund al-Urdunn. According to Muslim tradition, in 620 Muhammed was taken on spiritual journey from Mecca to the “farthest mosque”, whose location many consider to be the Temple Mount, returning the same night. In 634–636 the Arabs conquered Palaestina Prima and renamed it Jund Filastin, ending the Byzantine ban on Jews living in Jerusalem.|
|1099-1291||Crusader and Ayyubid rule: In 1099, the first crusade took Jerusalem and established a Catholic kingdom, known as the Kingdom of Jerusalem. During the conquest, both Muslims and Jews were indiscriminately massacred or sold into slavery|
|1260-1517||Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo): Egyptian Mamluk Sultan, Baibars (1260–1277), conquered the region and the Mamluks ruled it until 1517, regarding it as part of Syria. In Hebron, Baibars banned Jews from worshiping at the Cave of the Patriarchs (the second holiest site in Judaism), the ban remained in place until its conquest by Israel 700 years later|
|1517-1920||Ottoman Rule: Under the Mamluks, the area was a province of Bilad a-Sham (Syria). It was conquered by Turkish Sultan Selim I in 1516–17, becoming a part of the province of Ottoman Syria for the next four centuries, first as the Damascus Eyalet and later as the Syria Vilayet (following the Tanzimat reorganization of 1864).|
|1834-1917||Kimmerling and Migdal consider the revolt in 1834 of the Arabs in Palestine as the first formative event of the Palestinian people. In the 1830s, Palestine was occupied by the Egyptian vassal of the Ottomans, Muhammad Ali and his son Ibrahim Pasha.|
|1920-1948||British Mandate of Palestine (Mandatory Palestine): The British Mandate (in effect, British rule) of Palestine, including the Balfour Declaration, was confirmed by the League of Nations in 1922 and came into effect in 1923. The boundaries of Palestine initially included modern Jordan, which was removed from the territory by Churchill a few years later. Britain signed a treaty with the United States (which did not join the League of Nations) in which the United States endorsed the terms of the Mandate.|
|1948-1949||The 1948 Palestinian exodus refers to the refugee flight of Palestinian Arabs during and after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It is referred to by most Palestinians and Arabs as the Nakba (Arabic: النكبة), meaning “disaster”, “catastrophe”, or “cataclysm”.
The United Nations (UN) final estimate of the number of Palestinian refugees outside Israel after the 1948 War was placed at 711,000 in 1951
|1948-Present||State of Israel: On May 14, 1948, the last British forces left through Haifa. The same day, in a public ceremony in Tel-Aviv, Ben-Gurion read the Israeli Declaration of Independence, declaring the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel|