Bashar Hafez al-Assad, born on September 11 1965, is the President of Syria, commander-in-chief of the Syrian Armed Forces, General Secretary of the ruling Ba’ath Party and Regional Secretary of the party’s branch in Syria (source).
He has demonstrated a tremendous disregard for human life in his efforts to hold onto power. In August 2013, he has come under fire from leaders around the world, including U.S. president Barack Obama and British prime minister David Cameron, for using chemical weapons against civilians. This action resulted in the deaths of women and children, and some Western countries are debating what steps should be taken against al-Assad and his regime.
Now, at the end of the year 2015, we are talking about death at a range from 143,150 to 340,125 people, depending on the source you are talking about. Furthermore, 13.5 million people in Syria need humanitarian assistance, 4.3 million Syrians are refugees, and 6.6 million are displaced within Syria; half are children. Most Syrian refugees remain in the Middle East, in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt; 43,000 people have traveled to Europe.
How can the ‘free world’ sit at home and allow their governments to extend this war and slaughter of people to happen? It gets even worse, the US is involved in supporting specific terrorists groups (Free Syrian Army, Levant Front, Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Front) from the beginning of the civil war. By playing in a shadow war, they hoped to influence the slaughter instead of stopping it and stay out of this mess. We are talking about millions of dollars being wasted on weapons, arming terrorist groups. How stupid can you be? How can the President of the United States murmuring something about peace and more of such bull, while in truth he’s nothing else then a hypocrite. He is one of those dark figures, who are supporting terror organizations directly and publicly, and helps to prolong a destructive war and causes the death of hundreds of thousands of civilians and causes the stream of millions of refugees and helps 13.5 million people in Syria in the dire need of humanitarian help.
The role of the President Putin from Russia is as bad as that of Obama. But he goes one step further and sends bombers, tanks and soldiers to do some additional killing. The supporters of the other side (US, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Qatar) are supplying better weapons and the killings will go up of course, and more refugees.
Syria is a very complex country with an enormous variation of peoples, tribes and religions, all merged into a state. How complex this is, see the two maps below.
Russians in Syria
On 30 September 2015, following a formal request by the Syrian government for military help against rebel and jihadist groups, Russia intervened militarily in the Syrian Civil War. The activities consisted of air strikes primarily in north-western Syria against militant groups opposed to the Syrian government, including al-Nusra Front (al-Qaeda in the Levant), the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Army of Conquest.
Prior to these operations, Russian involvement in the Syrian Civil War had mainly consisted of supplying the Syrian Army. Russian officials have acknowledged their objective is to help the Syrian government retake territory from various opposition groups, including ISIL, but also groups backed and armed by the United States. The situation as it developed in October 2015 was widely assessed to be a proxy war between the United States and Russia.
In mid-November 2015, Russia responded to the ISIL-claimed Metrojet Flight 9268 crash by increasing its bombing operations within Syria, using the Tu-160 and Tu-95 strategic bombers for the first time.
On 24 November 2015, a Russian Sukhoi Su-24 aircraft was shot down by a Turkish Air Force F-16 fighter jet in an incident thought to be the first time a NATO country shot down a Russian plane in half a century.
Russian forces in Syria were reported to have used a mix of precision-guided munitions and unguided weapons(source). The October airstrikes were Russia’s first operational use of precision-guided munitions, whose development in Russia lagged behind other nations due to economic instability in the 1990s. The majority of weapons employed, however, were unguided (source). Russia also utilized cruise missiles launched from corvettes and a frigate (source). Russian artillery has also been used in the form of howitzers and multiple rocket launchers.
“Exploding suicide drones” have allegedly been deployed by Iran and Russia, according to some American media sources (source). Overall, the air campaign is estimated to cost between $2.3 and $4 million a day (source). Additionally, the 3M-14T cruise missiles that Russia has used by the dozen cost roughly $1.2 million per unit (source).
Who’s doing what in Syria?
- Bombing is done by Russia and Syria
- Ground forces are by Syria, Hezbollah, Iran, Iranian Shi’ite militias, and YPG
- Syria is supported by Iraq and China
They are fighting against:
- Free Syrian Army, Levant Front, Muslim Brotherhood and Islamic Front Those groups are supported by Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the US
- Army of Conquest, supported by Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Qatar
Death in Syria
This depends on the source of the statistics.
Estimates range from 143,150 to 340,125. Except for the SNHR figure, which excludes pro-government and ISIS fighters, all of the following totals include civilians, rebels and government forces:
|United Nations||220,000 killed||15 March 2011 – 15 January 2015|
|Syrian Network for Human Rights||215,454 killed||15 March 2011 – 31 May 2015|
|Center for Documentation of Violations||143,153 killed||15 March 2011 – 15 October 2015|
|Syrian Observatory for Human Rights||250,241–340,124 killed||15 March 2011 – 15 October 2015|
|Syrian military and police||52,077–87,077 killed|
|Shabiha and National Defense Force||35,235–49,235 killed|
|Lebanese Hezbollah||971 killed|
|Other non-Syrian militiamen||3,395 killed|
|Kurdish YPG||1,453–1,649 killed|
- 13.5 million people in Syria need humanitarian assistance.
- 4.3 million Syrians are refugees, and 6.6 million are displaced within Syria; half are children.
- Most Syrian refugees remain in the Middle East, in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt; slightly more than 10 percent of the refugees have traveled to Europe.
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