What is the difference between a developer and programmer?
In a nutshell, the basic difference between a developer and a programmer is the scope of their work. Developers are more involved with and have a greater understanding of the full project scope. Programmers are involved in a specific part of the project: coding.
Is software developer a good job?
Developers are among the most highly sought-after tech professionals in the workforce, with increased demand and talent shortages leading to large salaries for many of those in the field. That said, software development is a dynamic field, in which new programming languages, frameworks, and technologies may live and die within a few years, and job needs are constantly shifting.
Every company has become a tech company to some degree, with digital transformation projects underway in most industries to stave off disruption. This means that demand for developer talent has skyrocketed in recent years, as companies seek people who can bring digital projects and applications to life.
Front-end developers, full stack developers, mobile developers, and back-end developers are among the top 10 hardest to fill tech jobs, according to data from Indeed.
Meanwhile, the US Bureau of Labor and Statistics predicts that software developer jobs will grow 24% between 2016 and 2026--much faster than the average rate of other professions, the bureau noted. Application developer jobs are projected to grow 31% in that time, and systems developers are forecast to grow 11%.
What kind of developer jobs are out there?
Developers can take a number of different career paths. Here are a few roles in the field.
- Mobile developer: Builds apps for mobile devices, including iOS and Android. A mobile developer might use Java, Swift, and Objective-C.
- Full stack developer: Is able to work on both the front-end and back-end portions of an application or website. A full stack developer has specialized knowledge of all stages of software development, including server, network, and hosting environment; relational and nonrelational databases; interacting with APIs; user interface and user experience; quality assurance; security; customer and business needs.
- Back-end developer: Builds the functionality and interactivity of a website, including the elements that allow users to carry out actions like logging in, creating an account, and liking posts. Depending on what you want your web app to do, you might learn languages including Java, Python, Ruby, and PHP.
What are the best programming languages to learn?
There is much debate over which programming languages are best to learn at a given point in time, but here are a few safe bets.
- Java: Java is used by millions of developers and billions of devices worldwide. Java is the official language of Android development, and 90% of Fortune 500 companies use Java as a server-side language for back-end development, according to an analysis from Coding Dojo.
- Python: Python is commonly used in scientific computing, data mining, and machine learning. It's the fastest-growing programming language, and is currently no. 4 on the TIOBE Index. Coding Dojo found that Python grew in popularity by about 5,000 job postings between 2017 and 2018. Python was also rated the most loved programming language by developers, according to Hired. If you want to learn Python, check out the Google IT Automation with Python Professional Certificate on Coursera.
The best way to learn one or more programming languages, is to get a version of Visual Studio. It cost nothing, you have the best programming environment and there are so many resources there to learn how to program.
Stack Overflow's 2019 Developer Survey found that Rust, Python, and TypeScript were the most loved programming languages among developers, while VBA, Objective-C, and Assembly were the most dreaded.
In terms of what programming languages can net you the highest salary, globally, the top paying options were Clojure ($90,000), F# ($80,000), and Go ($80,000), according to Stack Overflow. In the US, Scala ($143,000), Clojure ($139,000), and Go ($136,000) topped the list, the survey found.